What is a NIF?
The NIF is the Tax Identification Number. Or what is the same, the number that identifies you as a person, physical or legal, for tax purposes? It is number one in Spain and refers to “tax issues.”
There are two types; one is the most natural person, and another is the most legal person. Each of them is different from the other. Depending on whether the NIF is a natural or legal person, its composition is as follows:
- If we are talking about the NIF of a natural person, it consists of one letter and eight numbers.
- If we talk about the Tax Identification Number of a legal person, it consists of 9 characters, one of which is a letter, and seven are numbers. The last one is a verification figure.
First, the NIF of legal entities was known as the CIF (Tax Identification Code). But since 2008, this has been shut down, and these acronyms, the Tax Identification Number (used only for individuals), also began to be used for legal persons.
What is the difference between NIF and NIE?
When you know what NIF is, you probably remember that there is a word like this, with the acronym NIE. Although they may seem similar, it is true that the two numbers are entirely different and are not related to the same function. That is, each is used for one thing.
El NIE is a foreigner identification number used to identify a foreign individual with a residence permit in Spain (but not a Spanish national).
In contrast, the NIF is used for natural and legal persons with Spanish nationality.
And between the NIF and the DNI?
Maybe you’ve heard someone or yourself say their IDs and NIFs are the same. But this is not the case here. The DNI is a National Identity Card with NIF, Tax Identification Number, and something different.
Now, in the case of individuals, the NIF and ID card match that number. That is, you have an 8-digit number and a letter that will be the same in both terms on your DNI and your NIF.
When discussing legal persons, DNI and NIF are entirely different numbers, and each has another numerology.
How is the tax identification number of a legal person
As we have commented, the NIF of a legal person differs from that of a natural person. To begin with, it consists of a letter stating the legal form of your organization). Then it has seven numbers, and finally, it has a verification digit, a number, or a letter.
As for the lyrics, from what you see, it will determine the type of society, association, and community … To make it clearer to you:
- A for corporations.
- B in the case of limited liability companies.
- C for collaboration.
- D if you form a community of goods and ongoing inheritances.
- F for co-operative societies.
- G is a letter from associations.
- H for the community of owners of the horizontal property regime.
- If there are civil societies with or without legal personality.
- P for local corporations.
- Q identifies Public Bodies.
- S For State Administrative Bodies and Autonomous Communities.
- U In the case of Temporary Business Unions.
- V is used for other types not specified in the remaining keys.
- N is directed directly to foreign entities.
- W For establishments awaiting entities not resident in Spain.
How to apply for a NIF
Once you know what NIF is and the two types, you may need to ask for it to work at some point. For example, if you become self-employed or create a legal entity. Therefore, you need to know the procedures to be followed.
Get it as a natural or self-employed person.
We have already told you that, as a natural person, your NIF is the same as your DNI. That is, nothing changes. But what about the self-employed?
These are considered natural persons and therefore do not need to be changed. Just putting your ID card on your invoices is enough to process your business.
And how is it required? It’s as easy as turning 14 (or if you want to sooner). In other words, take out your ID card, which will help you when you have your NIF number and for the rest of your life.
Apply as a legal entity
In the case of a legal entity, things change. You must apply to the Tax Agency after creating this legal figure to get started. It’s mandatory, so you shouldn’t forget to do it.
You can go to an office in advance or do so online if you have a kl @ ve PIN or an electronic certificate.
In both cases, you will be asked to fill in form 036, where you will have to indicate some details:
- On the first page, the name of the legal person. You must tick box 110 (to request a provisional NIF), or if you want box 120, if a definitive NIF is provided.
- You must complete the entity identification data (page 2B).
- You need to put legal representatives on the third page.
- Along with 036, you must also submit a photocopy of the DNI and NIF of the legal entity’s representative, the original and a copy of the Company’s deed of incorporation, and a certificate of registration of the legal entity in the Commercial Register.