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Overview and Cost of Heart Valve Replacement Surgery

Heart valve surgery is a procedure to treat heart valve disease. In valvular heart disease, at least one of the four heart valves does not function properly. The heart valves ensure that blood flows through the heart in the right direction.

The four heart valves are the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve, and aortic valve. Each valve has valves called leaflets for the mitral and tricuspid valves and valves for the aortic and pulmonary valves. This valve must be opened and closed once for each pulse. 

Valves that don’t open or close properly cut off blood flow through the heart to the body.

In heart valve surgery, surgeons repair or replace damaged or diseased heart valves or valves. Many surgical approaches can be used to repair or replace heart valves, including open heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery.

The type of heart valve surgery you need depends on a variety of factors, including your age, health, and the type and severity of your heart condition.

Heart Valve Replacement Surgery Cost in India

  • The average heart valve replacement cost in India ranges from $6,200 to $8,200. The cost depends on the type of valve used, e.g. mechanical or cloth valve.
  • Heart valve replacement can include aortic valve replacement and mitral valve replacement.
  • The hospital stay is about 8 days and the discharge from the hospital is about 14 days.
  • Valve replacement surgery is very successful today. The current valve surgery procedure is TAVI, which aims to replace the aortic valve using a transcatheter technique.
  • The tests needed to detect valve changes are EKG (electrocardiogram), chest X-ray, coronary angiography, anxiety assessment, and cardiac MRI.

Symptoms of valve replacement

The main signal of valvular disease is an unusual sound in the heartbeat, known as a heart murmur. Many people with heart problems have no symptoms until they are middle age or older. 

The main symptoms and signs are:

  • Unusual fatigue (tiredness) or weakness
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Swelling of the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen, and blood vessels in the neck
  • Vibration, noise, or irregular pulse.
  • Chest pain or palpitations (rapid rhythm or jumping)
  • Inability to maintain a regular level of activity
  • Dizziness or loss of consciousness

Treatment

Treatment of heart disease mainly depends on the intensity of the disease and its symptoms.

Medical tests to detect valve replacement

To diagnose heart valve disease, your doctor will first look for signs and symptoms. Then a physical examination is performed. The tests that are usually recommended are:

  • Echocardiography
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Chest x-ray
  • Heart catheter
  • Stress assessment
  • Cardiac MRI

After procedure

After heart valve surgery, you usually spend a day or more in the intensive care unit. They receive fluids and drugs through an IV. Another tube drains urine from the bladder and fluid and blood from the chest. You can get oxygen through a nasal mask or teeth in your nose.

After the end of your stay in the intensive care unit, you may be transferred to another patient room for a few days. How long you stay in the hospital depends on your condition and surgery.

After heart valve surgery, your care team will monitor your condition and look for signs of infection at the incision site. The team will check your blood pressure, breathing and heart rate. The team will also work with you to manage any pain you may experience after surgery.

You will likely be asked to walk regularly, gradually increase your activity, cough, and do breathing exercises as you recover.

You will be given instructions to follow during recovery, such as:

  • Watch for signs of infection in your incision
  • Take your medicine
  • Proper incision care
  • Management of pain and other side effects after surgery

Results

After heart valve surgery, your doctor will tell you when you can resume your activities.

You should have regular follow-up appointments with your doctor. You may have several tests to assess and monitor your condition.

Your doctor may recommend making healthy lifestyle changes to keep your heart working properly. Examples of lifestyle changes related to heart health include:

  • Eat healthy
  • Move regularly
  • deal with stress
  • Avoid tobacco use

 

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