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Types of Plumbing Pipes Materials

there are several types of plumbing pipes so it is a very confusing experience to choose the right one for your plumbing project. Another confusing question is which type of pipe you should use for drainage, water supply, sewer, and exterior. the answer is not very simple for a non-technical person because some material is batter which depends on their jobs. Now I explain some types of the pipe so that you may be able to select a suitable pipe for your project.

Pex Pipes

PEX which means cross-linked polyethylene. this type of pipe is most popular and one of the newest types of pipes. It is only used for water supply. It is a very rigid type of pipe that is enough to withstand the pressure of supply water. It is also flexible enough to weave throughout the ceilings, basement, walls, and crawlspaces. I think you can trust this type of pipe for water supply Plumber Services. Here I explain some other pros or benefits of using this type of pipe

Pros

  • it is available to color code. blue is used for hot water and red is used for cold water.
  • Highly flexible and it is possible to bend or curve it up to 90 degrees.
  • Cutting pipe into pieces is easy
  • it is also possible to join it with copper pipe
  • attaches with a push-fit fitting
  • Best choice for residential homes and small business
  • its maintenance is easy

Cons

  • untested for long term
  • it is not possible to recycle it.
  • May leak with push fit fittings
  • it cannot be used for the outside purpose, the ultraviolet rays can damage the plastic
  • starting cost is higher than other piping materials

PVC Pipe

PVC stands for polyvinyl chloride. PVC is generally used for vents, and drain lines for sewage-related projects, and is also used for drinking (potable) water. PVC is very famous when it is launched or gains popularity. Working with a PCV pipe is easier than working with a galvanized steel pipe. It is easily configured and requires a little extra hacksaw and miter-box to cut. PVC can glue together using a solvent. You can select the PVC with different levels of thickness according to your job or requirement.

Pros

  • Diameter mentioned on the white surface of a pipe
  • it has the power to stand for the long run.
  • Inexpensive
  • Flexible

Cons

  • PVC cannot have enjoined it must be cut
  • There is a chance of leakage in glued pipes
  • May tends to shatter and fragile

Rigid Copper Pipe

Rigid copper pipes are used in the home for water supply lines. it can be easily cut with a hacksaw are copper tube cutter. Rigid copper is much better than other pipes in case of water supply because it cannot cause any health risk.

Pros

  • Heat Tolerant
  • Long life
  • it is possible to recycle the old pipes
  • safe for water supply purposes and cannot pollute the drinking water
  • Durability and reliability proven since the 1960s
  • can manage the intense pressure.
  • it can be slightly bent because it is rigid.

ABS Pipes

ABS stands for acrylonitrile butadiene styrene. these types of pipes are mainly used in the drain line and as a vent. ABS is similar to PVC pipe except it is slightly softer and black.

PRO

  • ABS is stronger than PVC
  • Better for Underground exterior
  • Work very well in cold temperatures

CONS

  • Not recommended for building code
  • Deform and warps at a particular temperature

Flexible Copper pipe

Flexible copper pipe is used for water heater, refrigerator, and some sinks. Flexible copper is only used for short runs and we can it with ease using a hacksaw. It is flexible so we can bend it easily.

Pros

  • Fits tights in a shaped area
  • Powerful hear tolerance

Cons

  • Thin and a chance of breaking
  • Expensive

Galvanized Pipe

Today in the construction field galvanized pipes are hardly used due to their negative effects. Modern home does not use galvanize pipe now but homes that are built between 1930-1980 have galvanized pipes. A home that has galvanized pipe need to change its pipe or repined to remove all leads in your home pipe. Galvanized steel pipe can be used for gas supply purposes and any other related purpose. Galvanized steel pipe is particularly for gas supply and mainly used for grey water but it is far less used in the water supply. it is a very strong type of pipe as compared to other types of pipes.

Cons

  • Difficult to work with it because it is a very heavy pipe
  • Zinc cause internal rusting
  • Water discoloration

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel pipes are very expensive but it looks very neat. Stainless steel pipe is used in coastal areas. It is available in both rigid and flexible and it is available in different lengths and sizes. We need special couplings in case of attached to other types of pipes. Don’t confuse galvanized pipe with steel pipe.

Pros

  • It has high resistance to corrosion
  • Low and high-temperature resistance
  • Ease of fabrication
  • It has hygienic properties

Brass pipes

Brass pipes have very high rust resistance because it is made of 67% — 85% copper. Brass pipe obtained when alloy containing 85% copper is generally called red brass pipes. Brass pipes are more easily threaded than steel pipes and have excellent properties for hot water and big distribution systems like water tanks, pump fitting, and wells. It is generally available in twelve-foot lengths.

Pros

  • Provide long-lasting material which does not rust the interiors
  • It does not cause any friction loss inside of a pipe
  • Brass pipe is long-lasting than other plumbing materials

Cast Iron piping

This type of piping is mostly manufactured by bell and spigot types. It can find in threaded joints but is very expensive. These are heavier than other pipes. Cost iron piping is used for underground installation (sewer system or used as the main pipe on drainage) and for the water distribution system. Cast iron pipes are heavy and support assembled joints. its smallest size is 4” and it’s large enough that can be used for residential application.

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